MARTIAL EQUESTRIAN ART

 

 

IV.
The Coats of Horses

 

 

 

 

        Ancient Vietnameses, in excellent connoisseur, distinguished Fourteen categories according to the Coats of Horses :

                                                               01 - Ngựa Hạc (Blazing White Horse) ;
                                                               02 - Ngựa Hởi (White Horse with Black Legs) ;
                                                               03 - Ngựa Kim (Grey-White Horse) ;
                                                               04 - Ngựa Ô (Black Horse) ;
                                                               05 - Ngựa Hồng (Chestnut Horse) ;   
                                                               06 - Ngựa Tía (Cherry Bay Horse) ;
                                                               07 - Ngựa Ðạm (Bay Horse) ;
                                                               08 - Ngựa Khứu (Dark Bay Horse) ;
                                                               09 - Ngựa Chuy ( Blue-Grey glints White Horse) ;
                                                               10 - Ngựa Séo (Dapple-Grey Horse) ;
                                                               11 - Ngựa Bích (Blue-Grey Horse) ;
                                                               12 - Ngựa Qua (Dun Horse) ;
                                                               13 - Ngựa Phiếu (White-speckled Yellow Horse) ;
                                                               14 - Ngựa Thông (Night-Blue with Silvery Grey Highlights Horse
).



       Category I : Ngựa Hạc

                            Ngựa Hạc = Blazing White Horse ;
                           - Cf. War Horse « Bạch-Long-Câu » of King Thái-Đức Nguyễn-Nhạc of Tây-Sơn Dynasty (1778 - 1802) ;
                            Ngựa Hạc Ngân = Blazing White Horse with Silvered glints (Silvered White Coat) ;                          
                            Ngựa Hạc Phèn = Bright Grey White Horse (called " Alum Colour" or Cremello).

Silvered Blazing White Horse
- Ngựa Hạc Ngân -
(Sweating Blood Purebred Horse Akhal-Teke - Huyết-Hãn Mã)


Credit Photo : chevalannonce.com

Blazing White Horse
- Ngựa Hạc -

(UK Thoroughbred Horse)


Credit Photo :
Kersti Nebelsiek.

 

Blazing Bright Grey White Horse (called "Alum Colour")
- Ngựa Hạc Phèn -
(Austrian Lipizzan Horse)

 

Blazing Bright Grey White Horse(called "Alum Colour")
- Ngựa Hạc Phèn -
(Austrian Lipizzan Horse)

 

       Category III : Ngựa Hởi

                           Ngựa Hởi = White Horse with Black Legs ;
                           Ngựa Hởi Bông = Cotton White Horse with Black Legs ;
                           Ngựa Hởi Bạc = Silvered White Horse with Black Legs.
                           Ngựa Hởi Ðồng = Bronzed White Horse with Black Legs.

White Horse with Black Legs
- Ngựa Hởi -
(Arabian Purebred Horse - Heavenly-Horse - Thiên-Mã))

Credit Photo : univers-cheval.com

Cotton White Horse with Black Legs
- Ngựa Hởi Bông -
(Austrian Lipizzan Horse)


Credit Photo : clubhippiquedepollionnay.com

 

Silvered White Horse with Black Legs
- Ngựa Hởi Bạc -

Credit Photo : theamazingstation.com

 

Bronzed White Horse with Black Legs
- Ngựa Hởi Đồng -


Credit Photo : vers-le-vent.blogspot.com

 

       Category II : Ngựa Kim

                           Ngựa Kim = Grey-White Horse ;
                           Ngựa Kim Lâu = Grey-White Horse with Black Mane and Black Legs ;
                           Ngựa Kim Than (Kim Lốm-Đốm) = Dapple-Grey-White Horse with Black Mane ;
                           Ngựa Kim Qui = Speckled Grey-White Horse with Black and White Stripes (Brindle Coat) ;
                           Ngựa Kim Lem = Flea-bitten Grey-White Horse with Black or dark Brown Flecks ;                    

Grey-White Horse
- Ngựa Kim -

(Lipizzan Horse from Austria)

Tín-dụng Ảnh : brasovdaytrips.com

Grey-White Horse
- Ngựa Kim -
(Purebred Marwari from India)


Tín-dụng Ảnh :
horsemarwari.com

 

White Horse with Black Mane and Black Legs
- Ngựa Kim-Lâu -
(Peruvian Criollo)

Credit Photo :
pixabay.com

 

White Horse with Black Mane and Black Legs
- Ngựa Kim-Lâu -

(Arabian Purebred Horse - Heavenly-Horse)

Tín-dụng Ảnh : alifarabians.free.fr

 

Dapple Grey-White Horse
- Ngựa Kim Than -

(Arabian Purebred Horse - Heavenly-Horse)

Photo Crédit : centerblog.net

 

Dapple Grey-White Horse
- Ngựa Kim Than -

(Arabian Purebred Horse - Heavenly-Horse)


Photo Crédit : centerblog.net

 

Speckled Grey-White Horse with Black and White Stripes
- Brindle Coat
- Ngựa Kim-Qui -

Tín-dụng Ảnh : chevalannonce.com

 

Speckled Grey-White Horse with Black and White Stripes
- Brindle Coat
- Ngựa Kim-Qui -


Tín-dụng Ảnh :
lesrobesdechevaux.skyrock.com

 

Flea-bitten Grey-White Horse
- Ngựa Kim-Lem -
(Knabstrup from Danemark)

Credit Photo :
fan2chevaux25.skyrock.com

 

Flea-bitten Grey-White Horse
- Ngựa Kim-Lem -
(Appaloosa Horse from USA )


Credit Photo :
worldof-horse.skyrock.com

 

       Category IV : Ngựa Ô

                           Ngựa Ô = Black Horse ;
                           Ngựa Ô Quạ = Ebony Black Horse, still called Raven Black Horse :
                           - Cf. War horse « Ô-Du », the "Travelling-Crow-Black Horse" of generalissimo Đặng Xuân Phong from                            Tây-Sơn Dynasty (1778 - 1802) ;
                           Ngựa Ô Cát = Whole Black Horse ;
                           Ngựa Ô Đan-Phúc)Bụng Đỏ = Black Horse with Red glints under the belly (Pangared Black Horse) ;
                           Ngựa Ô Chuy = Black Piebald Horse :
                           - Cf. War Horse « Ô Chuy »(烏 骓) of Hạng-Võ - Hsiang Yü 項 羽 (232 AC - 202 AC), King of Sở -                            Chu 楚.

Black Horse
- Ngựa Ô -
(Purebred Arabian Horse - Heavenly Horse)

Credit Photo : equideo.actifforum.com

Raven Black Horse
- Ngựa Ô-Quạ -
(Lusitano Horse)


Credit Photo : tout-sur-les-chevaux1.webnode.fr

 

Whole Black Horse
- Ngựa Ô-Cát -
(Frison Horse)

Photo Crédit :
cabschau.centerblog.net

Black Piebald Horse
- Ngựa Ô-Chuy -
(Pinto Horse)

 

Pangared Black Horse
- Ngựa Ô Đan-Phúc - Ô Bụng Đỏ -
(French Saddlered Horse)

Credit Photo : chevaux.sport.com

 

Pangared Black Horse
- Ngựa Ô Đan-Phúc - Ô Bụng Đỏ -
(Kabardin Horse)

Credit Photo : tcherkesse.free.fr

 

       Category V : Ngựa Hồng

                           Ngựa Hồng = Chestnut Horse ;
                           Ngựa Hồng Lợt = Light Chestnut Horse ;
                           Ngựa Hồng Tiá = Bright Chestnut Horse ;   
                           Ngựa Hồng Ðiều = Crimson Chestnut Horse ;
                           Ngựa Hồng Lão = Golden Chestnut Horse ;
                           Ngựa Hồng  Ðính = Dark Chestnut Horse.
                           Ngựa Hồng  Mốc = Mildewed Chestnut Horse Horse ( Rabicano Coat).              

Chestnut Horse
- Ngựa Hồng -
(Arabian Purebred Horse - Heavenly-Horse - Thiên-Mã))


Credit Photo :
quizz.biz

Light Chestnut Horse
- Ngựa Hồng Lợt
-
(UK Purebred Horse)


Credit Photo :
1cheval.com

 

Bright Chestnut Horse
- Ngựa Hồng-Tía -
(Arabian Purebred Horse - Heavenly-Horse - Thiên-Mã))


Credit Photo :
elea2004.eklablog.com

 

Crimson Chestnut Horse
- Ngựa Hồng-Điều -
(Purebred Arabian Foal - Heavenly-Horse - Thiên-Mã))

Credit Photo :
poemes-provence.fr

Golden Chestnut Horse
- Ngựa Hồng-Lão -
(Arabian Purebred Horse - Heavenly-Horse - Thiên-Mã))

Credit Photo :
poemes-provence.fr

 

Dark Chestnut Horse
- Ngựa Hồng-Đính -
(Lusitano Horse)

Credit Photo :
hospitaliers.forumactif.com


Mildewed Golden Chestnut Horse (Rabicano Coat)
- Ngựa Hồng Mốc -

(Arabian Purebred Horse - Heavenly-Horse - Thiên-Mã))

Photo Crédit :
chevalastuces.centerblog.net

 

Burned Chestnut Horse with Bicolour Tail
- Ngựa Hồng Cháy (Song-Vỹ Hồng) -

(Arabian Purebred Horse - Heavenly-Horse - Thiên-Mã))


Photo Crédit :
azurchevalnature.forum-free.org


Brindle Chestnut Horse (very rare and precious model)

Photo Crédit :
dunbarsgold.com

 

Brindle Chestnut Horse (ordinary model)

Photo Crédit :
lequitalaune.com


       Category VI : Ngựa Tía

                           Ngựa Tía = Cherry Bay Horse ;
                           Ngựa Tía Mật = Light-Chestnut Cherry Bay Horse (called Honey Bay) ;
                           Ngựa Tía Sơn = Brown-Chestnut Cherry Bay Horse ;
                           Ngựa Tía Khói = Smoked Cherry Bay Horse ;
                           Ngựa Tía Cháy = Burned Cherry Bay Horse or Seal Browwn Horse [(Genotype E-/At- (Agouti-)].         

Cherry Bay Horse
- Ngựa Tía -
(Egyptian Arabian Purebred Foal - Heavenly-Horse - Thiên-Mã)

Credit Photo : poulains.over-blog.com

Cherry Bay Horse
- Ngựa Tía -

(Akahl-Téké Purebred Foal)

Credit Photo :
passionequine.weebly.com

Golden Bay Horse (called Honey Bay) with Faded Mane
- Ngựa Tía-Mật -
(Américain Kentucky Saddlered Horse)

Credit Photo : en.wikipedia.org

Golden Bay Horse (called Honey Bay) with Black Mane
- Ngựa Tía-Mật -
(Spanish Andalusian Horse)

Credit Photo :
mon-cheval-et-moi-.e-monsite.com

 

Brown-Chestnut Cherry Bay Horse
- Ngựa Tía-Sơn -
(Arabian Purebred Foal - Heavenly-Horse - Thiên-Mã))

Credit Photo : elea2004.eklablog.com

Brown-Chestnut Cherry Bay Horse
- Ngựa Tía Sơn -
(Purebred Akhal-Téké - Huyết-Hãn Mã)

Credit Photo : haraspapalis.pagesperso-orange.fr

 

Burned Cherry Bay Horse
- Ngựa Tía Cháy
-
(Spanish Purebred)

Credit Photo : elea2004.eklablog.com

 

Smoked Cherry Bay Horse
- Ngựa Tía-Khói
-
(Purebred Akhal-Téké - Huyết-Hãn Mã)

Credit Photo : chevaljetadore.e-monsite.com

 

       Category VII : Ngựa Ðạm

                           Ngựa Ðạm = Golden-Bay Horse ;
                           Ngựa Ðạm Ðồng = Coppery-Glints Bay Horse ;
                           Ngựa Ðạm Bông = Flowered Golden Bay Horse ;
                           Ngựa Ðạm Tía-Cháy Bông = Flowered Golden Bay Burned Chestnut Horse ;
                           Ngựa Ðạm Mốc = Mildewed Burned Golden Bay Horse (Rabicano Coat) ;
                           Ngựa Ðạm Sáp = Grey-Bay Horse ;
                           Ngựa Ðạm Chỉ = Light Golden-Bay Horse, with a Black Stripe on the Back.

Golden-Bay Horse
- Ngựa Đạm -
(Spanish Purebred Horse)

Credit Photo : histoires-de-romans.com

 

Coppery-Glints Bay Horse
- Ngựa Đạm-Đồng -
(Cleveland Bai Horse)

Credit Photo :
equi-partage.ch.




Flowered Golden Bay Horse
- Ngựa Đạm Bông -

Credit Photo : lamissdu54.eklablog.com

Flowered Burned Golden Cherry Bay Horse
- Ngựa Đạm-Bông -

Credit Photo :
quizz.biz

 

Mildewed Bay Horse (Rabicano Coat)
- Ngựa Đạm-Mốc-

Photo Crédit : cheval.mescops.com

 

Mildewed Bay Horse (Rabicano Coat)
- Ngựa Đạm-Mốc-


Photo Crédit : wampirwizard.skyrock.com

Grey-Bay Horse
- Ngựa Đạm-Sáp -

Credit Photo : cheval.mescops.com

 

Light Golden-Bay Horse with a Black Stripe on the Back
- Ngựa Đạm-Chỉ -

Credit Photo : wampirwizard.skyrock.com

                          

       Category VIII : Ngựa Khứu

                           Ngựa Khứu = Dark Bay Horse ;
                           Ngựa Khứu Miên (Khứu Vá) = White-speckled Dark Bay Horse (i.e. Piebald Bay).            

Dark Bay Horse
- Ngựa Khữu -
(Purebred Marwwari from India)

Credit Photo : fr.academic.ru

Dark Bay Horse
- Ngựa Khữu -


Credit Photo : sporthorse-data.com


Speckled Dark Bay Horse
- Ngựa Khữu Miên (Khứu Vá) -

(USA Appaloosa Horse)

Credit Photo : horzer.fr.

 

Speckled Dark Bay Horse
- Ngựa Khữu Miên (Khứu Vá) -
(USA Appaloosa Horse)

Credit Photo :
Coralie Blog.


       Category IX : Ngựa Chuy (The often most prized category of European and Chinese Monarchies) :

                           Ngựa Chuy = Piebald Horse ;
                           Ngựa Ô Chuy = Black Piebald Horse :
                      - Cf. War horse « Ô-Chuy », the Black Piebald Horse of Hạng-Võ - Hsiang Yü 項 羽 (232 BC - 202 BC),                            King of CHU (楚) kingdom ;
                           Ngựa Thanh-Chuy = Blue-Green Piebald Horse or Deep-Blue Piebald Horse ;
             - Cf. War horse « Thanh-Chuy (Qingzhui - 青騅) - (Piebald Horse with Blue-Grey glints) » from                            TANG Dynasty (618-907)
                           Ngựa Hồng-Chuy = Chestnut Piebald Horse ;
                      - Cf. War horse of Càn-Long - Qian Long 乾 隆 (1735 - 1796), Emperor of QING Dynasty ;
                           Ngựa Khứu-Chuy = Dark Bay Piebald Horse.  

Piebald Horse
- Ngựa Chuy -
(USA Horse Appaloosa)

Credit Photo : fandedada.centerblog.net

Black Piebald Horse
- Ngựa Ô-Chuy -
(Spanish Purebred Horse)


Credit Photo : chevalastuces.centerblog.net

Chestnut Piebald Horse
- Ngựa Hồng-Chuy -
(USA Appaloosa Horse )

Credit Photo : ekestrian.com

Dark Bay Piebald Horse
- Ngựa Khứu-Chuy -
(USA Appaloosa Horse )

Credit Photo : americanhorses.skyrock.com


Blue-Green glints Piebald Horse
- Ngựa Thanh-Chuy -
(USA Paint-Horse )


Credit Photo : esprit-equitation.forumgratuit.org

Dark Blue glints Piebald Horse
- Ngựa Thanh-Chuy -
(USA Paint-Horse )


Credit Photo :
paint-horses.over-blog.com

 

Emperor of China Qian-Long riding the Chestnut Piebald Horse
- Ngựa Hồng-Chuy -

Painting by Giuseppe Castiglione - Lang Thế Ninh 郎 世 寧(1688–1766 JC)

 

Emperor Charles Quint riding the Dark Bay Piebald Horse
- Ngựa Khứu-Chuy -


Painting by Francisco de Goya

(1746–1828 JC)

 

       Category X : Ngựa Qua (the most celebrious category of "Akhal Téké") :

                           Ngựa Qua = Buckskin Horse :
                           Ngựa Qua Mõm Đen = Buckskin Horse with Black Mouth
                           Ngựa Qua Lốm Đốm = Buckskin Horse with Dapple Coat ;
                           Ngựa Qua Sắc Lông Hoàng-Kim = Buckskin Horse Horse with Golden Glints Coat :
                           - Cf. War horse « Quyền-Mao-Qua »( 鬈 髦 騧), one of Six Celebrious Horses of Emperor Đường Thái                            Tông - TANG Taizhong (559-649).

Yellow Dun Horse with Black Mouth
- Ngựa Qua Mõm Đen -


Credit Photo : Hanka Certik

Yellow Dun Horse with Black Mouth
- Ngựa Qua Mõm Đen -


Credit Photo : galop-of-hope.skyrock.com


 

Yellow Dun Horse with Dapple Coat
- Ngựa Qua Lốm-Đốm -

(Connemara Stallion)

Credit Photo : loveponys.canalblog.com

 

Yellow Dun Horse with Dapple Coat
- Ngựa Qua Lốm-Đốm -

(Connemara Stallion)

Credit Photo : les-chevaux-et-leur-soin.skyrock.com


 

Yellow Dun Horse with Golden Glints Coat
- Ngựa Qua Sắt Lông Ánh Hoàng-Kim -
(Sweating Blood Purebred Horse Akhal-Téké - Huyết-Hãn Mã)


Credit Photo : en.wikipedia.org

 

Yellow Dun Horse with Golden Glints Coat
- Ngựa Qua Sắt Lông Ánh Hoàng-Kim -

(Sweating Blood Purebred Horse Akhal-Téké - Huyết-Hãn Mã)


Credit Photo :
palo-grullo-and-co.pro-forum.fr

 

Yellow Dun Horse with Golden Glints Coat
- Ngựa Qua Sắt Lông Ánh Hoàng-Kim -
(Sweating Blood Purebred Horse Akhal-Téké - Huyết-Hãn Mã)

Credit Photo : quizz.biz

 

Yellow Dun Horse with Golden Glints Coat
- Ngựa Qua Sắt Lông Ánh Hoàng-Kim -

(Sweating Blood Purebred Horse Akhal-Téké - Huyết-Hãn Mã)


Credit Photo : oragedebelmont.fr

 

       Category XI : Ngựa Phiếu

                           Ngựa Phiếu = White-speckled Yellow Horse
                   - Cf. War horse « Đặc-Lặc-Phiếu (Te Le Biao - 特 勒 骠 - Yellow Horse with an Exceptional Bridle) or                       « Đặc Cần Phiếu (Te Qin Biao - 特 勤 骠 - Yellow White-speckled Horse with an Exceptional Haste) » of                            Emperor Đường Thái Tông (唐 太 宗) - TANG Taizhong (559-649) from TANG Dynasty (618-907) ;
                           Ngựa Hoàng-Phiếu = White-speckled Golden Horse :
                           - Cf. War horse « Hoàng-Phiêu »(黄 膘) - (Well-Built Horse) of famous Generallissimo Tần Thúc Bảo Tần                            from TANG Dynasty (618-907).

White-speckled Yellow Horse
- Ngựa Phiếu
-

Credit Photo : clubdubonheur-fiction.skyrock.com

White-speckled Yellow Horse
- Ngựa Phiếu
-

Credit Photo : HorseGroomingSupplies.com

 

White-speckled Yellow Horse
- Ngựa Phiếu
-

Tín-dụng Ảnh : HorseGroomingSupplies.com

 

White-speckled Golden Horse
- Ngựa Hoàng-Phiếu
-

Credit Photo :
quizz.biz

                   

       Category XII : Ngựa Séo

                           Ngựa Séo = Dapple-Grey Horse ;
                           Ngựa Séo Ðiều = Dapple Iron-Grey Horse.
                           Ngựa Séo Bạc = Silver Dapple-Grey Horse.

Dapple-Grey Horse
- Ngựa Séo -
(Spanish Purebred)


Credit Photo : avec-ou-sans-fer.purforum.com

Dapple Iron-Grey Horse
- Ngựa Séo Điều -


Credit Photo :
chevalannonce.com

 

Silver Dapple-Grey Horse
- Ngựa Séo Bạc-
(Spanish Purebred)


Credit Photo : chevalannonce.com

 

Silver Dapple Grey Horse
- Ngựa Séo Bạc -
(Spanish Purebred)


Credit Photo :
les-chevaux-du-12.skyrock.com

                         

       Category XIII : Ngựa Bích

                           Ngựa Bích = Blue-Grey Horse ;
                           Ngựa Bích Xanh = Pearl-Grey Horse.

Blue-Grey Horse
- Ngựa Bích -
(Portugese Horse Lusitano)


Credit Photo :
quizz.biz

Pearl-Grey Horse (or Vair)
- Ngựa Bích Xanh -
(War Hores Marengo of Napoléon French Emperor
)


Painting by Antoine-Jean Baron Gros

Pearl-Grey Horse (or Vair)
- Ngựa Bích Xanh -


Credit Photo :
horseforum.com

 

Blue-Grey Horse
- Ngựa Bích -


Credit Photo : chickensmoothie.com

                      

       Category XIV : Ngựa Thông (truthly rare et precious category in bygone days, and very appreciated by Việt Monarches :

                           Ngựa Thông = Night-Blue with Silvery Grey Highlights Horse :
                      - Cf. Steed « Nhàn-Lương-Thông», of the Story "Ngũ Thông Thần " in « Liêu Trai Chí Dị - 聊 齋 志 異»                            from  Bồ Tùng Linh - 蒲 松 齡 - Pu Sung Ling (1640-1715).
                           - Cf. War Horse « Phúc-Thông» and « Cát-Thông» of Việt-Nam Emperor Minh-Mạng 明 命 (1791-1841) ;
                           Ngựa Nê-Thông = Night-Blue with Metal Mud-Grey Highlights Horse, extremly rare and precious :
                           - Cf. War Horse « Nê-Thông »(泥 驄) of Đại-Việt Emperor Trần-Duệ-Tông (1337-1377).

Night-Blue with Silvery Grey Highlights Horse
- Ngựa Thông -
(Blue Roan Grullo Horse)


Credit Photo :
freerepublic.com

Night-Blue-Green with Silvery Grey Highlights Horse
- Ngựa Thông -
(Blue-Green Roan Grullo Horse)


Credit Photo : horsegroomingsupplies.com

 

Night-Blue with Metal Mud-Grey Highlights Horse
- Ngựa Nê-Thông -
(Blue Roan Grullo Horse)


Credit Photo :
palo-grullo-and-co.pro-forum.fr

 

Night-Blue with Metal Mud-Grey Highlights Horse
- Ngựa Nê-Thông -

(Blue Roan Grullo Horse)


Credit Photo : palo-grullo-and-co.pro-forum.fr

 

       Notes : The sino-vietnamese term « Khải - 啓 » = « Horse with stocking (ie. white sign) on right forelimb » have given        rise to the verb « Khi »  = « To Kneel down »
                    For example : « Khải-tấu - » = « To Present a Report to the King by Kneeling down ».

 

 

Bình-Định SA-LONG-CƯƠNG
Department of Medieval Martial Arts
Võ Trận Đại-Việt

TRỊNH Quang Thắng

 

 

 

 

 

 

      I – The Military Statute

      II – The Military Horses Riding

      III – The War Horses

      IV – The Coats of Horses

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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